KARATE TERMINOLOGY

 

A

Age Uke/Rising Block
Age Zuki/Rising Punch
Aka/Red
Ashi Barai/Leg Sweep
Ashibo Kake Uke/Leg Hooking Block
Ashikube Kake Uke/Ankle Hooking Block
Ashikube/Ankle
Ate Waza/Smashing Technique
Awase/Combined
Awase Zuki/U-Punch

B

Bassai Dai (Kata)/To Storm a Fortress
Bassai Sho (Kata)
Bo/Staff
Budo/Martial Way

C

Chinte (Kata)/Chinese Hands
Choku Zuki/Straight Punch
Chudan/Middle Level

D

Dachi/Stance
Dan/Level or Grade
Do/The Way Of
Dojo/Place of The Way, Training Place

E

Empi/Elbow
Empi Uchi/Elbow Strike
Empi Uke/Elbow Block
Enoy/Relax
Enpi (Kata)/Flying Swallow

F

Fudo Dachi/Rooted Stance
Fumikomi/Stamping Kick
Fumikiri/Cutting Kick

G

Gaiwan/Outer Arm
Gankaku (Kata)/Crane on a Rock
Gedan/Lower Level
Gedan Barai/Lower Parry
Gedan Barai Uke/Lower Level Sweeping Block
Gedan Zuki/Lower Level Punch
Geri/Kick
Gi/Training Suit
Gohon Kumite/Five Step Sparring
Gojushiho Dai (Kata)
Gojushiho Sho (Kata)
Gyaku/Reverse
Gyaku Kansetsu/Against the Joint
Gyaku Zuki/Reverse Punch
Gyaku Mawashi Geri/Reverse Round Kick

H

Hachiji Dachi/Natural, Open Leg Stance
Hai/Yes
Haishu Uchi/Back Hand Strike
Haishu Uke/Back Hand Block
Haito/Ridge Hand
Haito Uchi/Ridge Hand Strike
Haito Uke/Ridge Hand Block
Hajime/Start
Haiwan/Back Arm
Haiwan Uke/Back Arm Block
Haiwan Nagashi Uke/Back Arm Sweeping Block
Hangetsu (Kata)/Half Moon
Hanmi/Half Facing Position
Hara/Lower Abdomen
Hasami Zuki/Scissors Punch
Heian/Peaceful Mind
Heian Shodan (Kata)/Peaceful Mind 1st Level
Heian Nidan (Kata)/Peaceful Mind 2nd Level
Heian Sandan (Kata)/Peaceful Mind 3rd Level
Heian Yondan (Kata)/Peaceful Mind 4th Level
Heian Godan (Kata)/Peaceful Mind 5th Level
Heiko Dachi/Parallel Stance
Heiko Zuki/Parallel Punch
Heisoku Dachi/Informal Attention Stance
Hidari/Left
Hidari Shizen Tai/Left Natural Position
Hiraken/Fore Knuckle Fist
Hiraken Zuki/For Knuckle Fist Straight Punch
Hiza/Knee
Hiza Geri/Knee Kick
Hizagashira/Knee Cap
Hombu/Main Dojo Headquarters
Hyosh/Timing

I

Iee Iie/No
Ippon/One Point
Ippon Ken/One Knuckle Fist
Ippon Ken Zuki/One Knuckle Fist Straight Punch
Ippon Nukite/One Finger Spear Hand

J

Ji'in (Kata)/Chinese Temple 'Jion Ji'
Jion (Kata)/Temple
Jitte (Kata)/Ten Hands)
Jiyu Dachi/Free Stance
Jiyu Ippon Kumite/Semi Free One Step Sparring
Jiyu Kumite/Free Sparring
Jodan/Upper Level
Jo Sokutei/Raised Sole
Juji Uke/X Block

K

Ka/Person or Practitioner
Kage Uke/Hooking Block
Kage Zuki/Hooking Punch
Kakato/Heel
Kake Shuto Uke/Hooking Knife Hand Block
Kake Uke/Hooking Block
Kakiwake Uke/Reverse Wedge Block
Kakuto/Bent Wrist
Kaiten/Rotating
Kamaete/Action - Take Up Position
Kanku Dai (Kata)/Viewing the Sky
Kanku Sho (Kata)
Kara/Empty (Chinese)
Kata/Formal Exercise
Keage Geri/Snap Kick
Kebanashi/Kick Off
Keito Uke/Chicken Head Wrist Block
Kekomi Geri/Thrust Kick
Ken/Fist
Ki/Spirit, Inner Power
Kiai/Shout Used to Help Ki
Kiba Dachi/Straddle Leg or Horse Riding Stance
Kihon/Basic Techniques
Kihon Ippon Kumite/Basic One Step Sparring
Kime/Focus
Kin Geri/Groin Kick
Kizami Zuki/Front Snap Punch
Kokutsu Dachi/Back Stance
Koshi/Ball of the Foot
Kumade/Bear Hand
Kumite/Sparring
Kun/Motto or Oath
Kyu/Grade Below Black Belt

M

Ma-Ai/Distancing
Mae/Front
Mae Geri/Front Kick
Maeude Deai Osae/Forearm Twist Block
Makiwara/Striking Post
Mawashi Geri/Roundhouse Kick
Mawashi Zuki/Roundhouse Punch
Mawate/Turn
Meikyo (Kata)/
Migi/Right
Migi Zuki Geri/Crescent Kick
Mizu No Kokoro/Mind Like Water
Mokuso/Meditation
Morote Uke/Augmented Block
Morote Zuki/Augmented Punch
Morote Tzukami Uki/Two Handed Grasping Block
Moto Dachi/Original Stance
Musubi Dachi/Informal Attention

N

Nagashi Uke/Sweeping Block
Naiwan/Inner Arm
Nakadaka Ippon Ken/Middle Finger One Knuckle Fist
Nakadaka Ken/Middle Finger Knuckle Fist
Nami Ashi (Gaeshi)/Inside Leg Block
Neko Ashi Dachi/Cat Foot Stance
Nidan Geri/Double Kick
Nihon Nukite/Two Finger Spear Hand
Nijushiho (Kata)/Twenty Four Steps
Nukite/Spear Hand

O

Obi/Belt, Sash
Oi Zuki/Stepping Punch
Osae/Pressing
Otoshi/Dropping

R

Rei/Bow
Reinoji Dachi/L Stance
Ren Zuki/Combination Punch
Ryo/Both
RyuSchool of Martial Art

S

Sambon Kumite/Three Step Sparring
Sanchin Dachi/Hour Glass Stance
Sash Ashi/Stepping Across/ Extending the Foot
Seiken/Fore Fist
Seiza/Kneeling Position (Meditation Posture)
Seiryuto/Ox Jaw Hand
Seiryuto/Ox Jaw Block
Sempai/Senior
Sensei/Teacher
Shihan/Master (6th Dan and Above)
Shusin/Referee
Shiro/White
Shiko Dachi/Square Stance
Shizentai/Natural Stance
Shobu/Competition
Shuto/Knife hand
Shuto Uchi/Knife Hand Strike
Shuto Uke/Knife hand Block
Sochin (Kata)/Immovable Stance
Sochin Dachi/Diagonal Straddle Leg Stance
Sokumen/Side
Sokutei Mawashi Uke/Circular Sole Block
Sokuto/Edge of Foot
Sokuto Osai Uke/Pressing Block With Edge of Foot
Soto Ude Uke/Outside Forearm Block
Sukui Uke/Scooping Block

T

Taikyoku/First Cause
Taikyoku Shodan (Kata)/First Cause
Tai Sabaki/Body Shifting
Tameshiwari/Test by Breaking
Tanden/Navel
Tate Empi Uchi/Upward Elbow Strike
Tate Shuto Uke/Vertical Knife Hand Block
Tate Zuki/Vertical Fist Punch
Te/Hand
Teisho/Palm Heel
Teisho Awase Uke/Combined Palm Heel Block
Teisho Uchi/Palm Heel Strike
Teisho Uke/Palm Heel Block
Teiji Dachi/T Stance
Tekki/Horse Riding
Tekki Shodan (Kata)/Horse Riding 1st Level
Tekki Nidan (Kata)/Horse Riding 2nd Level
Tekki Sandan (Kata)/Horse Riding 3rd Level
Tekubi/Wrist
Tettsui/Bottom Fist
Te Nagashi Uke/Hand Sweeping Block
Te Osae Uke/Hand Pressing Block
Te Waza/Hand Technique
Tobi/Jumping
Tobi Tettsui Uchi/Jumping Hammer Fist Strike
Tokui/Favourite
Tsukami/Grasping
Tsumasaki/Tips of (Toes or Fingers)
Tsuki/Punching
Tsuru Ashi Dachi/Crane Leg Stance

U

Uchi/Strike
Uchi Ude Uke/Inside Forearm Block
Uchi Hachiji Dachi/Inverted Open Leg Stance
Uchi Waza/Striking Techniques
Ude/Forearm
Uke/Block
Unsu (Kata)
Ura Zuki/Close Punch
Uraken/Back Fist
Ushiro Geri/Back Kick
Ushiro Mawashi Geri/Back Roundhouse Kick
Ushiro Empi Uchi/Back Elbow Strike

W

Wa/Harmony
Wan/Arm
Wanto/Sword
Washide/Eagle hand
Waza/Technique or Skill

Y

Yama Zuki/Wide U Punch
Yame/Stop
Yoi/Ready
Yoko/Side
Yoko Empi/Side Elbow
Yoko Empi Uchi/Side Elbow Strike
Yoko Geri/Side Kick

Z

Zanshin/Mental Alertness
Za Zen/Zen Meditation
Zenkutsu Dachi/Front Stance
Zuki/Punch

Numbers 1-20

1/Ichi
2/Ni
3/San
4/Shi
5/Go
6/Roku
7/Shichi
8/Hachi
9/Ku
10/Jyu
11/Jyu Ichi
12/Jyu Ni
13/Jyu San
14/Jyu Shi
15/Jyu Go
16/Jyu Roku
17/Jyu Shichi
18/Jyu Hachi
19/Jyu Ku
20/Nijyu

 

 

 

 

Cambridge Zanshin Black Belt Karate Academy

Zanshin Karate Club is a Shotokan Karate Club based in Cambridge